The European District is divided into two sections. Firstly, the European North District which houses the majority of the European Institutions in Luxembourg. Since the 1990s, and especially since the enlargement of the European Union to 28 member states (2004, 2007, 2013) the Institutions have undertaken successive extensions, notably the European Court of Justice. The Court is presently constructing its 5th extension which will provide a third tower and a further building facing onto Boulevard Adenauer, as detailed in the new urban plan of the district. The present European Commission building (Jean Monet), built in 1970, will be demolished. The new building will be constructed on a site adjacent to the first site. The single site of the European Parliament (KAD 2) is under construction and will group together all the services of the Secretariat of the European Parliament. The parent building will be maintained and integrated into the new structure. The second extension to the European Court of Auditors is being built to the street front, as was the first extension, in keeping with “the preference of the Fund for the construction of buildings to street front”; the parent building at the centre of the block is thus absorbed into a standard city block.
The road infrastructure between the Porte de l’Europe and the Red Bridge has been widened and is ready for the inauguration of the tramway in 2017. Two crossroads now provide access to the centre of the district and to the Institutions. The water retention basin is under construction. The works for the tramway also include the construction of the “Pfaffenthal-Kirchberg” station and an access for funicular railway passengers (CFL works). The Red Bridge is also undergoing widening for the passage of the tramway.
The European South District contains a mixture of national cultural buildings and European Institutions. The Musée d’Art Moderne Grand-Duc Jean (Mudam) and the Musée de la Forteresse are both housed within the Parc des Trois Glands. Place de l’Europe is dominated by the “Héichhaus”. Since 2011, the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Infrastructure (MDDI) has occupied the tower. The base now constitutes the European Convention Centre Luxembourg where the European Council of Ministers holds its Luxembourg meetings, and where congresses and other important events are held. The design of Place de l’Europe is centred around one structure - the Philharmonie de Luxembourg. The Porte de l’Europe towers form the entrance to the Kirchberg, from the direction of the city centre. A residential area will be built on the south side of Avenue Kennedy.